State Environmental Planning Policy (Koala Habitat Protection) 2019

This dataset contains boundaries to which State Environmental Planning Policy (Koala Habitat Protection) 2019 applies to. The dataset contains three main layers. These layers are Land Application Map, Site Investigation Area for Koala Plans of Management Map and Koala Development Application Map. The description and method for these layers are detailed below.

Land Application Map

This dataset applies to the whole of each local government area where Schedule 1 of the SEPP applies, in all areas where koala management area is specified. This policy does not apply to any land dedicated, reserved and or acquired under Part II of the National Parks and Wildlife act of 1974 or any land dedicated under the Forestry Act of 2012 as State forest or a flora reserve.

Site Investigation Area for Koala Plans of Management Map

The Koala Habitat Information Base was used to develop a map that identifies areas that are likely to have koala use trees.

  • In 2018, the Department identified 137 koala tree species in a review of koala tree use across New South Wales.
  • In 2019, consultation with koala experts led to the list being refined to 123 species in the Koala Habitat Information Base Technical Guide.
  • These 123 species were categorised into nine distinct regions, according to what koalas prefer to use in various areas. The number of species used regionally by koalas ranges from nine in the Riverina region to 65 in the Central Coast region.

The map was restricted by the application of the SEPP, hence it only captures land in the LGAs listed in schedule 1 of the SEPP. The map also excludes the lands that the SEPP does not apply to, such national parks and state forests.

Process for developing the Site Investigation Area Map

The Site Investigation Area Map was developed by excluding:

  • The LGAs where the SEPP does not apply (consistent with schedule 1 of the SEPP)
  • Land dedicated or reserved under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974, or acquired under Part 11 of that Act (as set in clause 5 of the SEPP)
  • Land dedicated under the Forestry Act 1916 as a State forest or flora reserve (as set in clause 5 of the SEPP)
  • Cleared areas using the NSW Native Vegetation Extent 5m Raster v1.2 – the NSW Native Vegetation extent map provides a high precision surface that differentiates native tree cover from native grasslands, non-native areas, forestry plantation and water bodies
  • Areas that the Koala Habitat Information Base has identified as having a low probability of koala use trees.

Koala Development Application Map for Eastern and Central NSW

The NSW Government’s Koala Habitat Information Base was used to identify areas that have highly suitable koala habitat and that are likely to be occupied by koalas.

The map was restricted to the local government areas currently listed in schedule 1 of the SEPP. As the SEPP explicitly excludes national parks and state forests, these areas were excluded from the map.

The Development Application Map includes:

Areas of the Koala Habitat Information Base’s Koala Habitat Suitability Model that meet the following criteria:

  • Highest quality koala habitat (class 1)
  • Highly suitable koala habitat (class 2) that is likely to be occupied by koalas; and
  • Provides critical connectivity between class 1 and class 2 habitat in fragmented landscapes (this was applied in regions other than the North Coast). In this regard, it identifies the most preferred vegetation that a koala would use to move between highly suitable patches of habitat

Excludes:

  • All areas of class 2 habitat where the data shows koalas are not likely to occur
  • The LGAs where the SEPP does not apply (consistent with Appendix 1 of the SEPP)
  • Land dedicated or reserved under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 or acquired under Part 11 of that Act (as set in clause 5 of the SEPP)
  • Land dedicated under the Forestry Act 1916 as a State forest or flora reserve (as set in clause 5 of the SEPP)
  • Cleared areas using the NSW Native Vegetation 5m raster v1.2 – the NSW Native Vegetation extent map provides a high precision surface that differentiates native tree cover from native grasslands, non-native areas, forestry plantation and water bodies

Koala Development Application Map for Western NSW

The Development Application map uses data from the NSW Government’s Koala Habitat Information Base to identify areas of highly suitable koala habitat. Unlike Eastern NSW, occupancy predictions were not utilised due to the scarcity of survey records. The extent of suitable habitat in this harsher environment was modelled with records across the koala’s whole eastern Australian range and referenced temperature, rainfall, evapotranspiration and soil variables.

The Development Application map is restricted to the local government areas listed in schedule 1 of the SEPP (i.e. it only captures the local government areas where the SEPP applies). As the SEPP explicitly excludes national parks and state forests, these areas are also excluded from the map.

The Development Application Map for Western NSW applies to the following local government areas (LGAs):

Berrigan Bourke Brewarrina Central Darling Coonamble Edward River Federation Forbes Greater Hume Shire Lockhart Murray River Narrandera Narromine Parkes Wagga Wagga Walgett Warren Weddin Wentworth

Includes:

Areas of the Koala Habitat Information Base’s Koala Habitat Suitability Model that meet the following criteria:

  • Two highest quality koala habitat classes in the western division

Excludes:

  • Areas that have unsuitable vegetation in the Darling Riverina Plains and the Riverina Koala Modelling Regions (KMR) as identified by the Koala Tree Species Index
  • Areas of unsuitable vegetation in the Far West KMR as identified using a modified Koala Tree Species Index that favoured riverine koala tree use species.
  • The LGAs where the SEPP does not apply (consistent with Appendix 1 of the SEPP)
  • Land dedicated or reserved under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 or acquired under Part 11 of that Act (as set in clause 5 of the SEPP)
  • Land dedicated under the Forestry Act 1916 as a State forest or flora reserve (as set in clause 5 of the SEPP)
  • Cleared areas using the NSW Native Vegetation 5m raster v1.2 – the NSW Native Vegetation extent map provides a high precision surface that differentiates native tree cover from native grasslands, non-native areas, forestry plantation and water bodies
Organisation: Department of Planning, Industry and Environment

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Data and Resources

Additional Info

Metadata template type Vector
Asset type Dataset
Alternative Title Koala SEPP
Metadata date 20/02/2020
Date created 06/01/1995
Date Revised 20/02/2020
Date Published 01/03/2020
Edition 1
Purpose This Policy aims to encourage the conservation and management of areas of natural vegetation that provide habitat for koalas to support a permanent free-living population over their present range and reverse the current trend of koala population decline.
License Creative Commons Attribution
Update frequency Data is updated as deemed necessary
OEH service DPE Service
Keywords ECOLOGY-Habitat,HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT-Planning
Spatial

Dataset extent

Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors
Equivalent Scale 3000000
Geospatial Topic Environment,Planning and Cadastre
Temporal Coverage From 20/12/2019
Datum GDA94 Geographic (Lat\Long)
Landing page https://www.planningportal.nsw.gov.au/opendata/dataset/state-environmental-planning-policy-koala-habitat-protection-2019
Legal Disclaimer Read
Attribution Department of Planning, Industry and Environment asserts the right to be attributed as author of the original material in the following manner: "© State Government of NSW and Department of Planning, Industry and Environment 2020"